School systems and educators have a legal responsibility to provide for the needs of limited English proficient (LEP) children. They also have the educational responsibility of ensuring that every child can achieve the level of knowledge and skills they need to be productive citizens who participate in all areas of our society.
If Limited English Proficiency (LEP) is suspected, the school must identify and test the students.
If there is at least one LEP student, the school must use a well thought out pedagogic approach based on sound educational practice and theory for each and every student.
The school must provide sufficiently qualified human resources, bilingual material, and appropriate programs and methodologies which will ensure the learning of English and the curriculum to the same extent as native English speaking students.
The school must evaluate the program to verify that it is providing effective instruction, similar to that of students without limitations in English.
After the evaluation, schools should amend programs to correct any deficiencies in meeting the educational needs of LEP students.
Provide reasons why your child is in need of bilingual education.
Communicate the nature of bilingual programs.
Inform parents of their rights.
Let parents know the educational objectives.
Provide progress reports.
Provide information for LEP parents in their native language.
THE PURPOSE OF AMAOs
To measure student’s development and attainment of English proficiency while meeting challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards required by section 1111(b)(1). Title III 20 USC 6842 (a)(1)
|English Language Proficiency Target. All new and re-enrolling students grades K-12||Percent of LEP Students Making Progress in Acquiring English Language Proficiency
|Percent of LEP Students Attaining English Language Proficiency
2) 1964 - Civil Rights Act, Title VI -"No person in the U.S. shall, on the ground of race, color, national origin be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
3) Bilingual Education Act (Amended in 1974 and 1978) - "The Congress declared it to be the policy of the United States, in order to establish equal educational opportunity for all children, (a) to encourage the establishment and operation, where appropriate, of educational programs using bilingual educational practices, techniques, and methods; and (b) for that purpose, to provide financial assistance to local education agencies, and to State education agencies for certain purposes, in order to enable such local educational agencies to develop and carry out such programs in elementary and secondary schools, including activities at the pre-school level, which are designed to meet the educational needs of such children; and to demonstrate effective ways of providing, for children of limited English speaking ability, instruction designed to enable them, while using their native language, to achieve competence in the English language."
4) May 25, 1970, Memorandum, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare - This memorandum interpreted the Civil Rights Act. It delineates the responsibility of school districts in providing equal education opportunity to national origin minority group students whose English language proficiency is limited. The following quotes discuss some major areas of concern with respect to compliance with Title VI and have the force of Law:
"Where inability to speak and understand the English language exclude national origin minority group children from effective participation in the educational program offered by a school district, the district must take affirmative steps to rectify the language deficiency in order to open its instructional program to these students."
"School districts have the responsibility to adequately notify national origin minority group parents of school activities which are called to the attention of other parents. Such notice, in order to be adequate, may have to be provided in a language other than English."
"School districts must not assign national origin minority group students to classes for the mentally retarded on the basis of criteria which essentially measure or evaluate English language skills; nor may school districts deny national origin minority group children access to college preparation courses on a basis directly related to the failure of the school system to inculcate English language skills."
5) 1974 - Equal Educational Opportunities Act (EEOA) - "No state shall deny equal educational opportunity to an individual on account of his or her race, color, sex or nation origin, by ... the failure of an educational agency to take appropriate action to overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in its instructional programs."
In reviewing what is known about learning a second language, in this case, English, for LEP students, it is important to keep in mind some of the following in providing service to these students.
Prior to testing, the district should determine each LEP student's need for special accommodations that are most likely to yield accurate and reliable information on what students know and can do in the subjects tested. Such determinations must be made on a case-by-case basis and, when possible, should be made by LEP teams comprised of teachers, counselors, and administrators with specific knowledge of the student involved. Factors for LEP teams to consider include:
If it is determined that an LEP student can participate with accommodations, the team making that decision must specifically indicate the type and extent of accommodations that will be provided.
Since every student is different and language abilities and needs vary widely, any testing accommodation made available to students will not be applied universally. A student's LEP team must consider the individual needs of the student in daily instructional settings as well as the additional needs that arise in a secure testing environment.
|2015-16 ELL Professional Development Opportunities|
|2014-15 Testing Schedule||Definition of Immigrant Children and Youth|
|Home language survey||List of Title III Districts|
|Review Schedule||Title III Amendment Acceptance Letter|
|ELL Guide (coming soon)||Definition of an LEP|
|ENL Requirements||ELL's in your District|
|Program Model Descriptions||General FAQs|
|SD ESL Systems Appraisal||SD Language List|
|Train the Trainer||Supplement vs. Supplant Guidance|
|Letter of Intent: Immigrant Preliminary Grant Application||Federal Civil Rights|
|W-APT Test Administration Manual (TAM)|
|Title III LAW||Fact Sheet on Unaccompanied Children and Immigrant Students|
|ELL Dear Colleague Letter||ELL Parent Fact Sheet,|
|ELL Toolkit||Chapter 2 of Toolkit|
|School District’s Responsibilities for ELL Programs Webinar|